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The quality of responding to sponsor someone in the family class or category of spouses or common-law partners in Canada, the person who at the time :

1. Canadian citizen or permanent resident;

2. who is at least 18 years;

3. resides in Canada;

4. filed a sponsorship application on behalf of that person under the Act.

5. accepted the conditions imposed on the purchase of an engagement with the Department of Immigration;

6. is able to prove financial capacity required by law to subscribe to this commitment.

Respondent does not reside in Canada

A Canadian citizen who is not resident in Canada may sponsor an application made by her husband, her partner, conjugal partner or dependent child who has no dependent children provided they reside in Canada when the applicant becomes a permanent resident.

Sponsorship :  

The sponsorship is made, as appropriate:
a. to the Minister, or
b. to the competent authorities of the province.

Agreement :

The sponsor and co-signer, if any, shall, before the sponsorship application is approved, enter with that person a written agreement that, inter alia : 

a) they undertake to provide, for the applicable period, the basic needs of the person and members of his family accompanying him;

b) declare that their financial obligations do not prevent them from honoring the agreement and the commitment they made to the Minister in respect of the application of the person;

c) the person undertakes to do everything possible to meet their basic needs and those of family members who accompany him.

Duration of appointment :






3 years from the date it becomes a permanent resident.

10 years after the date of subsidiary R.P

Dependent child

Less than 16 years

10 years or

Less than 22 years

10 ans ou

Less than 22 years.

10 years or


18 years

Up to 25 years.

the age of 22.

Whichever is the longer of these two periods.

The first of these two possibilities.

The period ends at the latest, as appropriate.

16 years or more.

3 years or 25 years.

22 years or more

3 years from the date of  R.P

22 years or more.

10 years after the date of R.P


10 years from the date it becomes a permanent resident.

Exception to the minimum income (exemption of financial requirements):

Where the sponsor is sponsoring one or more of the following :

a) his spouse, de facto spouse or conjugal partner, provided that person has no dependent children;

b) a spouse, partner or conjugal partner, if that person has a dependent child who has no dependent children;

c) a dependent child who does not himself a dependent child.

d) children and to adopt children under their guardianship.

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IMMIGRATE TO CANADA : Family reunification

Family reunification

Belong to the family class by virtue of the relationship they have with foreigners answering the following :

 a) his spouse, de facto spouse or conjugal partner;

b) dependent children;

c) his parents (father or mother);

d) his grandparents (grandfather or grandmother);

e) Orphans of father and mother, aged under 18 and have no spouse or de facto spouse:

 1. brothers, sisters, stepbrothers, stepsisters;

 2. nephews, nieces, ...;

 3. grand-son, granddaughter, ...;

f) aged under 18 whom the sponsor intends to adopt in Canada, if the conditions of the adoptions are met;

g) any other member of his family, without regard to age, which is:

 1. be a Canadian citizen, Indian or permanent resident;

 2. a person susceptible to having his application to enter and remain in Canada as permanent residents also sponsored by the respondent.

Dependent child, the chld who

a) a share, compared to either of his parents:

1. either is the biological child and has not been adopted by a person other than his spouse or de facto,

2. either the adopted child;

b) secondly, meets one of the following conditions:

1. It is under the age of 22 years and is not a spouse or partner,

2. He is a student aged 22 or older who has not ceased to depend essentially on the financial support of either of his parents from the time he reached the age 22 or became, before that age, a spouse or de facto spouse and who at the time:

(a) has not ceased to be enrolled in a postsecondary institution accredited by the relevant government authorities and attending it,

(b) actively pursuing full-time general education courses, academic or professional.

3. He is aged 22 or over, has not ceased to depend essentially on the financial support of either of his parents from the time he reached the age of 22 and can not support herself because of his physical or mental.

Spouse or Partner in Canada

The person who meets the following conditions :

a) is the spouse or common-law spouse of a sponsor and living with the sponsor in Canada;

b) holds a temporary resident status in Canada;

c) a sponsorship application has been filed against him.

Unmarried cohabitants

Must meet the definition of "having lived together for one year continuously, so that their relationship is recognized by the Act. When the period of one year cohabitation has been established, the spouses may live apart during certain periods of cohabitation without interrupting the eyes of the law.

Conjugal partner

Compared to a respondent is a foreigner who lives outside of Canada and living in a conjugal relationship with the respondent for at least a year. A partner can be involved in a heterosexual or homosexual.

A conjugal partner is not a de facto spouse under Canadian law until the criterion of one-year cohabitation is filled.

A foreigner who wants to immigrate as a conjugal partner of a respondent must prove that the couple have maintained a conjugal relationship for at least a year.

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